Essay 4: Acute cardiovascular disease state.

Essay 4: Acute cardiovascular disease state.

Essay 4: Acute cardiovascular disease state.

You are an AGACNP practicing as a critical care inpatient provider in a tertiary care center. You are tasked with admitting a patient with a chief complaint of an acute cardiovascular disease state.

Summarize pathology, etiology, modifiable and nonmodifiable risk factors, pertinent signs and symptoms, diagnostics, and treatment regimen to include both pharmacological and nonpharmacological approaches. Choose from one of the following. Try not to post duplicate posts on the same subject. Support your answer with two or three peer-reviewed resources.

Myocardial Infarction
Ischemic and Nonischemic Cardiomyopathy
Heart Failure
Aortic Stenosis/Regurgitation
Mitral Stenosis/Regurgitation
Pulmonic Stenosis/Regurgitation
Tricuspid Stenosis/Regurgitation
Atrial Fibrillation
Ventricular Tachycardia
Torsade de Pointes
Sick Sinus Syndrome
Noncardiogenic Pulmonary Edema
Viral and Bacterial Endocarditis
Cardiac Tamponade
You may also choose to cover the following devices, including criteria for placement, availability, and care of patient/devices post placement.

Intra-Arterial Cardiac Assist Device
“Balloon Pump” in Critical Care
Automated Internal Cardiac Defibrillator
Implanted Rhythm Recorders
Pacemakers – Permanent


You must proofread your paper. But do not strictly rely on your computer’s spell-checker and grammar-checker; failure to do so indicates a lack of effort on your part and you can expect your grade to suffer accordingly. Papers with numerous misspelled words and grammatical mistakes will be penalized. Read over your paper – in silence and then aloud – before handing it in and make corrections as necessary. Often it is advantageous to have a friend proofread your paper for obvious errors. Handwritten corrections are preferable to uncorrected mistakes.

Use a standard 10 to 12 point (10 to 12 characters per inch) typeface. Smaller or compressed type and papers with small margins or single-spacing are hard to read. It is better to let your essay run over the recommended number of pages than to try to compress it into fewer pages.

Likewise, large type, large margins, large indentations, triple-spacing, increased leading (space between lines), increased kerning (space between letters), and any other such attempts at “padding” to increase the length of a paper are unacceptable, wasteful of trees, and will not fool your professor.

The paper must be neatly formatted, double-spaced with a one-inch margin on the top, bottom, and sides of each page. When submitting hard copy, be sure to use white paper and print out using dark ink. If it is hard to read your essay, it will also be hard to follow your argument.